WHAT SHOULD BE THE FOOD OF THE OLDER CATS ?


        What should be the food of older cats

No one is overlooked that a kitten has different nutritional needs than an adult cat. On the other hand, we often do not think the same with older cats, but they also need special food, adapted to their age.

                  AT WHAT AGE IS A CAT CONSIDERED TO BE OLDER ?
           

      At what age is a cat considered to be older?


The adult cat undergoes changes in its organism as time passes. These changes begin before the cat can be considered old or senior, since at 7 years of age, it is necessary to adapt the adult cat's diet with respect to what it was taking up to that moment.
For example, if our cat takes a portion of food for sterilized cats, from the age of 7 he should continue taking a portion of food for sterilized cats but formulated for those who have already reached the age of 7.
Also, because the changes in the cat's body continue to occur over time, the need to change the food occurs again when it turns 12 years old, so it should receive a special food for sterilized cats aged 12 years or older.

                   WHAT CHNAGES IN THE CAT'S BODY AS IT AGES ?
            

      What changes in the cat's body as it ages?

Over time, the changes that occur in the cat are of two types, internal and external.
The most important internal changes are that the cat's immune system is less effective, the cat's digestive system worse, and the cat's bodily functions slow down. Changes in the cat's senses also occur, especially loss of smell and taste, which can affect its appetite.
Other internal changes have to do with the poorer functioning of the kidneys, but there is also a high risk of disorders such as osteoarthritis, hyperthyroidism, and diabetes. Fortunately, some of these diseases can be treated with a special diet.
Regarding external changes, there is a reduction in activity, an increase in sleep, and less sociableness. Other external changes are related to dental problems, such as gingivitis or tooth loss, which can cause pain and poor appetite, leading to weight loss.
Joint problems can also appear, which can affect movement and even reduce their ability to groom themselves.

         WHAT NUTRIENTS TO REINFORCE WHEN A CAT GETS OLDER
            

      What nutrients to reinforce when a cat gets older

Due to age changes, the body is more exposed to the appearance of disorders associated with aging, for example, those related to mobility. Therefore, your food should be fortified with glucosamine, chondroitin sulfate, EPA / DHA fatty acids, or green mussel extract.
Other disorders are digestive disorders, so food for older cats is made with highly digestible proteins. Also, beet pulp can have a beneficial effect and omega 3 fatty acids.
Urinary diseases are also common in elderly cats, so it is necessary to restrict the amount of phosphorus in their diet, especially because when a cat suffers from kidney failure, phosphorus is one of the elements that first reaches toxic levels in the blood.
Of course, the water intake is essential and should be kept as high as possible, for which a wet diet can contribute, whose water content increases the volume of urine, reduces its concentration and, with it, the risk of it being urinary stones.

                    WHY AN OLDER CAT NEED SPECIAL DIET
            

      Why an older cat needs a special diet

As we have seen, the older cat needs a special food because its vital functions lose capacities that food can compensate for. This is the case of the cat's digestive system, which has a harder time digesting food and absorbing the nutrients it contains, especially proteins and fats.
It is very common that elderly cats also tend to have dental problems that make it difficult to eat, so wet food is an alternative. In addition, as we have already seen, the smell and taste of the older cat decreases, which affects the interest it shows in the food. To reduce this effect, one of the characteristics of special foods for older cats is that they considerably improve their palatability so that the cat is more attracted to them and does not eat less than it needs.