"Doctor, why is my dog shedding a lot of hair?" This is one of the most frequently asked questions to the vet. We will try to answer it by showing you the most common causes why a dog can lose hair; so you can recognize them and know what to do about it.
MOST COMMON CAUSES OF HAIR LOSS IN DOGS
The reasons why a dog can lose its coat are very varied. Among the most common causes, we have:
⦁ Seasonal molt. In addition to shedding due to its continuous regeneration process, the hair also falls out seasonally, each year, to free the animal from its winter mantle. The good news is that there is no reason to worry; the bad news, that there will be a lot of hair to vacuum in each change.
⦁ Hormonal changes. It is normal for females to shed their hair with each heat and for some to lose a lot of hair during pregnancy or lactation. This is due to an alteration of the hormonal balance, so you should not be alarmed: his coat will be back after the process. If it is a male, or if the hair loss does not seem to be related to the aforementioned, it could be an indication of pathology, so the animal should be examined by a veterinarian.
⦁ Bacterial and fungal infections. Certain bacteria and yeasts are permanent residents of canine skins. Occasionally, however, they can cause infections that cause hair loss, as well as irritation and itching of the skin, a bad smell, and even painful pustules. If your dog sheds a lot of hair and you think it is related to a skin problem, take him to the vet as soon as possible to give him the appropriate treatment in this case.
⦁ Scabies, fleas, and ticks. Mange causes dramatic hair loss and severe itching, causing the animal to scratch incessantly for relief. The same happens with fleas and ticks: the itching causes the dog to break its skin with scratching, so it can bleed, bringing other complications. In addition, they are capable of causing diseases in the animal. It is recommended that you consult with your veterinarian about the best way to get rid of such an insidious plague with some antiparasitic treatment.
⦁ Allergies. If your dog is shedding a lot of hair, he may be suffering from an allergy. Like humans, dogs can develop allergies that commonly manifest with itchy skin and hair loss. The vet can determine the cause of the allergy and give the necessary recommendations for its relief.
⦁ Feeding. An inadequate or deficient diet, with nutritional deficiencies or an excess of artificial additives, will affect the quality of your dog's coat (and the animal's health). Its correct hydration is another matter that should not be neglected.
WHAT CAN I DO TO PREVENT MY DOG'S HAIR FROM FALLING OUT ?
In addition to following the vet's instructions, here are some things you can do to help your dog keep his coat in good condition:
⦁ Include nutrients that promote skin and hair development, such as biotin and high-quality proteins.
⦁ Bathe him using only specific products for dog hygiene; Human products unbalance dog's skin's PH, so discard them.
⦁ Keep it free of parasites, both internal and external.
HOW TO CONTROL HAIR LOSS DURING SHEDDING ?
If your dog loses a lot of hair, brush it! This removes dead hair and stimulates blood circulation to the hair follicles. The daily brushing during molting can get rid of the shed hair, giving way to the new coat. In addition, it prevents knots from forming and loose hairs to end up scattered throughout your house.
WHAT IS THE BREED OF DOG THAT SHEDS THE MOST HAIR ?
Certain breeds have a natural predisposition to shed a lot of hair, while others do not. If your dog sheds a lot of hair, the answer could lie in his genetics. The breeds that shed the most amount of hair are the Husky, Malamute, German Shepherd, or Golden Retriever. As for medium and small dogs, Chihuahuas, Bodegueros, Jack Russell, Dalmatians, and Beagles are also famous for shedding a lot of hair.